In the context of operational safety, human factors are considered the cause and consequence of accidents. Accidents are generally caused by the coincidence, or convergence, of multiple factors, but also by the fact that human beings, by nature, are subject to errors and a wide range of behaviors, which can lead to incidents and accidents.
From this perspective, despite the causes of accidents, derived from human factors, consequences resulting from these acts are also triggered. The main factors include fatigue, resulting from stress and long working hours, negligence and inappropriate behavior, as well as violation of rules and procedures, deliberately ignoring safety standards and thus creating risky situations. .
On the other hand, accidents can result in personal injury or loss of life, significant material damage, as well as psychological impact on victims, social and economic consequences, in addition to loss of trust and legal implications.
Therefore, in many cases, human actions or decisions constitute one of the main contributing factors to the occurrences, as described in the Swiss Cheese Model . This theory deals with an approach proposed by James T. Reason in 1990, to explain that the systematization and alignment of faults can lead to accidents. It is used in risk analysis, management and prevention.
Thus, IPIAAM understands that accident prevention generally involves a holistic approach, which addresses not only human behavior, but also systems design , safety procedures, organizational culture, effective communication and other elements that influence safety, in the sense to mitigate failures in human performance.
Therefore, within the scope of its responsibilities, the importance of complying with issued safety recommendations and creating sustainable and safe work cultures is highlighted.